T S U M E F A Q
=================
Please find below a description of Tsume Shogi, Tsume Shogi rules, and a
collection of Tsume problems. More problems can be found in the book 'Shogi for
Beginners' by John Fairbairn (caution - I think there may be one or two
misprints here!), and Reijer is posting tsume on a weekly basis on the list.
This is my second attempt to collect all of Reijers tsume problems into one
place. I do this for myself on a weekly basis and carry the results around in
the lid of my miniature shogi set - very useful. I usually have a Postscript
file available for the above. Anyone wanting a copy please mail me and I will
send it to them.
Most, if not all of the collected problems were initially published in 'Shogi
Sekai' a monthly publication of NSR (Nihon Shogi Renmei). Thanks are due to
them for permission to reproduce the problems in this form, here.
If you have any comments on this file, please address them to the person
responsible:
Roger Hare
rjhare@ed.ed.ac.uk
Last update: 17 April 1993
_______________________________________________________________________________
TSUME SHOGI RULES
-----------------
Tsume are to Shogi what mating problems are to European chess - there are a
few differences but it would not be stretching a point too far to describe
tsume as 'shogi mating problems'.
Tsume are an important part of Shogi, particularly if you can't find opponents
very often - they allow you to 'practice' on your own.
The rules for tsume are really quite simple - here they are:
1) The attacking side is always black, the defending side white
2) Black has only the pieces shown on the board, plus those in hand. White is
deemed to have all other pieces (except the black king) available for
dropping.
3) As Black is attacking, the black king is not shown on the board.
4) Black has first move, and all moves must be check. White may defend by
moving the king, taking the checking piece, or interposing a piece, either
by a normal move or a drop.
5) The 'best' move must always be made by each side. What this means is that
black must always make the move which will lead to the shortest exchange,
of moves before mating and white must make that move which delays the mate
for as long as possible.
6) Moves are numbered in the Japanese fashion, ie: blacks first move is 1,
whites first move is 2, etc. Move numbers are often not shown.
7) Tsume are usually displayed as taking place at the 'upper right hand
corner' of the board.
Ascii Board representations are painful, so I won't bother with them here, but
will present a problem in a standard notation which is described in more
detail below.
Black: +B3d, P2e In hand: R
White: K1c, B2b, G1e, L1a
That is, Black has a promoted bishop on 3d a pawn on 2e and a rook in hand.
White has the king at 1c, a bishop at 2b, a gold at 1e and a lance at 1a (and
in hand all pieces not shown except for the black king).
Here is the solution:
R*1b Lx1b +B2d
Set the problem up on your board and play through the solution. This should
give you a little feel for what tsume are all about. Remember, every move by
black must be a check.
Now, here are a few more notes on tsume. They repeat (far more eloquently)
much of what I have said above and were contributed by Reijer Grimbergen who
has also been posting the tsume problems on the board.
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TSUME SHOGI DESCRIPTION
-----------------------
Solving tsume shogi is a special skill that is neglected by a lot of Shogi
players. This is unfortunate, since tsume shogi sharpens your endgame and
because Shogi has drops, the endgame and especially mating the enemy king can
turn a game completely around. Countless are the games I won starting from a
bad position and I think I have my tsume shogi to thank for that. But even
more important, solving tsume shogi is lots of fun. I love puzzles and that is
exactly what tsume shogi is about. Some of my fellow players call me crazy but
one of my greatest joys in Shogi is solving a very hard tsume problem after
hours of puzzling, frustrated to the bone, but refusing to give up and look at
the solution. Of course you don't have to get so obsessive about it, but tsume
shogi is an essential part of studying the game.
The rules of tsume shogi: Tsume shogi problems are given by means of a
diagram, showing the position from which you have to mate the king by
consecutive checks. You are always black and only the enemy (white) king is
shown (since you are about to mate your opponent without giving him a chance
to mate, your own king is not important - although there are some special
kinds of tsume problems that have both kings on the board-) alongside the
defending pieces and the pieces you can use to mate (both on the board and in
hand). All pieces not shown are considered to be in your opponent's hand and
can be dropped in defence. Often the number of moves is given in Japanese
count (blacks first move counted as 1, white's answer as 2, blacks second move
as 3, white's answer as 4 and so on) but this is not necessary. It is
important to note that a useless defensive move (like dropping a piece between
king and checking piece that can be taken without changing the mate) is not
counted as a move. This is neither a design nor a qualification fault but a
basic rule of tsume shogi (but be careful, in some of the more tricky problems
dropping a piece can change the mate according to the piece dropped).
How to solve tsume shogi problems: The basic idea is to solve tsume shogi
problems without moving the pieces, just like in a game situation. Some
players prefer to put the position on a board but I trained myself to solve
the problem directly from the book or magazine so that tsume shogi is useful
way of killing time in train, car or plane. Roughly said, problems with more
moves are more difficult than problems with fewer moves. Although this is not
always true , it is easy to find books working according this principal
starting with simple problems and moving up to more difficult ones. As you
solve them your Tsume Shogi skill progresses as you move through the book. I
started tsume shogi with a book by Kato, containing 180 tsume problems
(unfortunately this book is now out of print). At the start I had a very
difficult time, but going through the book I was amazed at the beautiful
themes used in tsume and I began to like it more and more. Shortly after
finishing this book I became sho-dan, winning more than one game in a close
endgame fight.
Reijer Grimbergen
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TSUME PROBLEMS
--------------
Now, here are the collected tsume which have been contributed so far by
Reijer. I have separated them out into 3- 5- and 7- move problems. Tsume are
not usually differentiated this way, but for a novice like myself, it
certainly makes life easier if I know that I have a reasonable chance of
solving a problem in less than a geological time span - I guess that might be
true for other folks reading this file also:
The notation is as usual, 1a is the square at the top right, 2a is the second
square along the top row (rank) moving leftwards from 1a, etc.
K=king, G=gold general, S=silver general, R=rook, B=bishop, N=knight, L=lance,
P=pawn.
x indicates capture, * a drop, a + at the end of a move means the piece
concerned promotes on that move, an = that the piece does not promote (moving
a piece without promoting is sometimes advantageous).
A + preceding a piece means that the piece is already promoted.
In the solutions, note that when X is used as a piece name in a drop, this
means that *any* piece may be dropped at that point.
3 Move Problems
1. Black: +B3d, +B1c In hand: G
White: K2a, +R3c, L1a
2. Black: +B3d, P2e In hand: R
White: K1c, B2b, G1e, L1a
3. Black: R2b B1e In hand: G
White: K1c, B4d, G2a
4. Black: R4d, +B4c, +P2a In hand: G
White: K2c, G3c, S4b, L1b, P4a
5. Black: R2b, G3e, S3a, L2e In hand: None
White: K3c, G4c, S1d, P4e
6. Black: R5c, +P6c, P4c In hand: G
White: K4a, S5a
7. Black: +R4d, S1b, +P1a, P2d In hand: None
White: K2b, +R3c, S1c, L3a
8. Black: B5b, S3c, S2b In hand: G
White: K2c, R1d, P4b, P1b
9. Black: +R5b, +B3a, S1d, P4c In hand: None
White: K3c, P5d, P4d, P3d, P2a
10. Black: +B4d, S4c, P1f In hand: G
White: K2c, +B2a, L1d, P4a, P1c
11. Black: +R6c, +R5a, +P5b In hand: None
White: K3b, B2c, G2d, P3d
12. Black: +R4b, +B4a, N2e In hand: None
White: K2a, B1d, G3b, S4c, L1a
13. Black: +R4b, R3a, L1d, P2e In hand: None
White: K2c, G2b, S4a, S3d
14. Black: R5b, B1c, S4b, S1b, P5c, P1d In hand: None
White: K3b, N3a, P5d, P3c
15. Black: R5a, B4d, S3d In hand: S
White: K3b, S4b, S2b, N2a
16. Black: R1d, B4c, S3g In hand: B
White: K3e, G2c, P4d, P3b
17. Black: +R4b, +B1b, S1d, N2f In hand: None
White: K2d, R3e, B3a, L2a, P3c, P1e
18. Black: +B1f, N2f, L2d, +P5b In hand: R
White: K3c, R4d, G1c, S3e, L3b
19. Black: R5a, S2b, P5c In hand: R
White: K3b, P2c
20. Black: +B1d, S5a In hand: R, G
White: K3a, G3b, P3c
21. Black: R3a, +B4d In hand: G
White: K1b, R1a, S2a, P1c
22. Black: +R4f, L3d, L1c In hand: G
White: K2a, B3b, P2b
23. Black: +R2a, +B4c, +P3a In hand: None
White: K2c, B2b, G2d, P4d, P1d
24. Black: S4c, N3d In hand: R
White: K3a, S5a, S5c, N2a, L1a, P2c, P1c
25. Black: +R3a, +B1a, S2a In hand: None
White: K2c, +R4b, S1d, P2d
26. Black: B1c, S1b, +P5c In hand: G
White: K3b, B3a, N2a, P4c, P3c
27. Black: +B2a, G3e, S5c, L2d, +P2b In hand: None
White: K3c, G4a, S3d
28. Black: +R1c, B1b, S5c In hand: L
White: K3b, S5b, L2b, P4c, P2d
29. Black: B3a, S5a, S4e, S2d In hand: G
White: K4c, G5b, G2b
30. Black: +R5b, +P5a, P1b In hand: B
White: K3a, G4d, G2c
31. Black: R4d, N2d, P1d In hand: R, G
White: K2b, G3c, L4a, P2a, P1a
32. Black: R4d, +B3c, +P3b, P1e In hand: None
White: K1c, R2d, N1b, P3e, P1d
33. Black: R4a, B4b, P2e In hand: S
White: K2c, S5a, P2b, P1b
34. Black: +B1e, S3a, +P4b, P2e In hand: R
White: K2c, R3d, B1d, G2b, L1b, P1c
35. Black: R2a, B2e, S4c, L2f In hand: None
White: K1b, R1a, B1c, S3c, P1d
5 Move Problems
36. Black: B3c, B3b, P2e In hand: 2S
White: K1c, R2a, S2c, P1b
37. Black: R2e, N1c In hand: R, B
White: K1b, B3d, S3b, S3e
38. Black: +B2a, B2b, S3a In hand: R
White: K2c, G1d, S4b, L1a, P3d, P2d
39. Black: +B2a, +P3a, P2e, P1f In hand: R, B
White: K2c, G3d, G3c, L1a, L3b, P1c
40. Black: +R6d, +B2a In hand: B
White: K4b, S2c, S4a, P4c, P3d, P2d
41. Black: +R6b, +P6a, +P1c In hand: G
White: K4a, B3c, P5c, P4c, P3b
42. Black: +R3a, B4d, N2f In hand: G
White: K2d, +R2c, B4a, +P1f
43. Black: R1a, +B1e In hand: S, N
White: K2b, B2a, S3b, L3a
44. Black: R3b, +B4b, B2b, S2f, +P1a In hand: None
White: K1d, G2c, +P1f
45. Black: +B3g, +P3c, P1f In hand: R
White: K2e, R2b, N3a, N1c, L3e
46. Black: +R4e, R3d, +P5a, P2f In hand: S
White: K3b, N2a, L1a, P3c, P1c
47. Black: R4a, B2a, S1c, P4e In hand: S
White: K2c, B1a, G3c, N2e, P1d
48. Black: +B4c, S4a, +P1b, P4d, P2e In hand: R
White: K2c, R4b, B2d, L3a, P3d, P1d
49. Black: R2b, B1d, S3a, N1c In hand: G
White: K3c, G1b, P4d, P2e
50. Black: +R1c, B2a, S2b, L4d, P2e In hand: G
White: K3d, G3c, S3e, L3a, P4e, P1d
51. Black: +R3e, N1g, +P3b In hand: S, L
White: K2c, +R2f, G1b, L3a, P1c
52. Black: R4a, B3d, N3e In hand: G
White: K3b, +R2b, B1d, P3a, P2d
53. Black: +R3e, R1a, +P4a In hand: G
White: K2b, B4d, G1c, L2d, P2e
54. Black: B3e, S1a, N1f In hand: S
White: K1b, B2c, P1d, P3b
55. Black: +R3c, B2e, +P3b In hand: N
White: K1b, R2a
56. Black: B2c, P4d In hand: R, G
White: K3c, +R6b, +B2a, S5a, P6a, P5c, P2b, P1b
57. Black: +R4d, R3b, L4e, P1e In hand: G
White: K2c, G3e, G3d, S1a, P4a, P2b
58. Black: B3b, +P3a In hand: R
White: K2b, B3c, G2d, P1c
59. Black: +B4a, B2a, +P1a, P1b In hand: R
White: K2b, L3a, P4b, P3c, P2c
60. Black: +B5d, B3a, +P5c, P3e, P2c In hand: N
White: K3c, G3b, L4a, P2d, P1d
61. Black: +R2d, S6c, P5b In hand: R, S
White: K3b, +B3e, G2c, P4b, P3a
62. Black: B3e, N1d, +P1a, P2e In hand: R
White: K2c, G3d, P3c, P1e
63. Black: R4c, B2a, +P4b In hand: G
White: K1a, N1b, P3d, P2d, P1c
64. Black: +R4e, B4b, P2c In hand: 2S
White: K3b, S3a, S1b, N1c, +P1e, P3c, P2a
65. Black: R5b, B5a, S1a In hand: B, G
White: K2c, G1c, S4d, S2a, P4c
66. Black: +R1e In hand: B, G
White: K2c, B3c, S3b
67. Black: R4b, S4d, P4c, P3d In hand: G
White: K3a, B2a, B1d, S1a, P1b
68. Black: +R3d, +P4b In hand: G, N
White: K2b, B4a, G4d, P1c
69. Black: R4b, R3a, N3d In hand: G
White: K1c, P3e, P2c
70. Black: +R2a, R2e, P2f In hand: G
White: K1d, B4b, G2b
71. Black: +B4c, P2b In hand: R, G
White: K1a, S3b, P4b
72. Black: B1c, P3f, P1e In hand: R, G
White: K2c, B3d, P3c, P2e
73. Black: R1a, G2d, S1c, P4d In hand: G
White: K3b, B2a, L3a, P3d, P2c
74. Black: N3c, P2d, P1d In hand: R, B
White: K1b, G3b, P4b, P3d
75. Black: B2b, S3c, N2e In hand: G
White: K1b, +R1d, +R1f
76. Black: S3d, S2c, P1f In hand: B, G
White: K2d, B5a, L1c, L1b, P3d, P2d
77. Black: B2c, S5b, S3b, +P4a, P2d In hand: G
White: K2b, R3c, N2a, L1a
78. Black: +R5b, +P1c In hand: R
White: K3a, G5a, S4b, P4c
79. Black: +B4c, +P3a In hand: R
White: K1b, +R4a, P2c
80. Black: +B5c, B1b, +P1a, P4c In hand: G
White: K3b, G3c, P4a
81. Black: N2e, +P3a In hand: R, G
White: K2b, R4e, B3d, B1a, P3e, P2a
7 Move Problems
82. Black: +R4d, R3a, P3b In hand: G, L
White: K1a, B4b, N2a, P1c
83. Black: R1a, B3a, S5c In hand: B
White: K3b, G4a, S2b, P3c, P2c
84. Black: +R4a, B4c, S3a, P3e, P2e, P1e In hand: None
White: K2c, G3c
85. Black: N3e, P1f In hand: R, G, S
White: K3b, L2a, +P2f, P3d, P2c
86. Black: +R2a, R1d, B1e, S4c In hand: None
White: K2c, B2b, G3b, L3a, P1a
87. Black: B2d, P2g, P3e In hand: R, G
White: K2c, R1e, L1a
88. Black: R3b, B3a, P2f In hand: 2G
White: K2d, G4c, G4e, S1d, P1e
89. Black: B4b, G4d, N3d In hand: R, G
White: K1c, G1d, S4a, N2a
90. Black: +B3b, L3e, L2f In hand: B, P
White: K1c, G2c, G1b, P3c, P1e
91. Black: R2b, P3c In hand: G, S
White: K1c, B4e, G3b, G1f
92. Black: B3d, +P4a, +P1c In hand: G, N
White: K2a, B2b, N3a, P4c
93. Black: +R3d, B5c In hand: S, N
White: K2b, B5d, N3c, L1a, P2c, P1b
94. Black: R3c, R4b, N4e In hand: G
White: K2a, B2c, S4a, S2b, P1b
95. Black: B3c, +P2a In hand: R, B
White: K2c, G5a, G3d, G4d, P5c, P4c
96. Black: R5c, +B1b, L5d, +P5b In hand: P
White: K3a, G3d, S3c, L2b, P4d
97. Black: R3a, B1b In hand: G, N, P
White: K2b, B4a, G4c, P5a, P1c
98. Black: +R5a, P4c In hand: B, G, S
White: K1b, +R5d, +B2c, P3d, P2d, P1c
99. Black: B1d, S1a, N2e, P4b, P1e In hand: R
White: K2a, G4c, L1b, P4d, P3d
100. Black: R4a, L4e In hand: B
White: K3c, N2a, P3d, P2c, P1c
101. Black: R3a, +B1e, S3d In hand: G
White: K2b, R1b, P4a, P2a
102. Black: B4b, +P2c In hand: R, L
White: K2a, S2b, N4a
103. Black: R2g, S3e In hand: 2G, N
White: K1e, R1f, G3d
104. Black: +R4b, S2a, P2b In hand: G
White: K1a, +B3c, G1c, P2c
105. Black: B4b, S2d In hand: G, L
White: K2a, S5a, L1a, P2c, P1b
106. Black: +P3a, +P3b In hand: 2R
White: K1b, B3d, S2e, N2a
107. Black: B2d, G3d, N1f, +P3b In hand: P
White: K1b, N2a, L1a
108. Black: R5c, +B4c, +P3c In hand: L
White: K3a, B1b, S4a, P2b
109. Black: +R1e, P2d In hand: R, G
White: K2b, S3c, N2a, L1a
110. Black: G3f, L3d, +P3c In hand: R, B
White: K1b, S3b, S1e, N2a, L1a, P1d
111. Black: R3f, +B4b, N2f, +P3a In hand: P
White: K2b, B1b, L1a, P2c
112. Black: +B3d, S3b, N2d, P1d In hand: None
White: K2b, +R1b, S1a, P3c
113. Black: +R5d, B4e, P4c In hand: G
White: K3b, G3a, G2d, N2a, L1a, P3c
114. Black: R3d, B2e In hand: G, L
White: K2b, N2a, L1a, P4a, P3a, P1c
115. Black: R3a, R3d, B5c In hand: None
White: K2b, G2c, S1b, L1a
116. Black: R4d, +B3c, B1d, P2b In hand: None
White: K1a, G3b, S1e
117. Black: B3e, P4d, P2e In hand: R, G
White: K2c, P6b, P5b, P4b, P3b, P2b
118. Black: +R1d, B1a In hand: B, S
White: K2a, G3c, P6b, P4b, P2d
119. Black: B3c, +P5a, P1c In hand: B, S
White: K2a, S3d, L5c
9 Move Problems
120. Black: +R3a, +B4f, P2e In hand: G, N
White: K2c, B4c, N2a, L1a, P4d, P2b, P1d
121. Black: +R3e, S5c, P1d In hand: L
White: K2c, S4e, L2a, P4c, P2b, P1b
122. Black: R5d, B5b, B2c, S3c In hand: No pieces
White: K2a, S4a, P1c
123. Black: +B3d, B2c, N3e, +P5b In hand: S
White: K2b, R3a, G3c, N2a, L1a
124. Black: R5a, +B3e, +P3a, P4e, P2e In hand: N
White: K2b, S4c, N2a, L1a, P2c, P1b
125. Black: +R4d, S3a, P1c In hand: R
White: K2a, B4a, B3e, P3b, P1e
126. Black: +R2e, S3a, N3e In hand: S
White: K1a, B4a, G3b, P1c
127. Black: +R4e, +B4a, +P4b In hand: S
White: K2b, B3f, N2a, L1a, P2c
128. Black: N3e, +P2a, P3b In hand: G, S, N, L
White: K1b, R1e, B3c
129. Black: G2e, S2a, N2f, P4e In hand: R, B
White: K2c, G2d, G2b, N3a, P4c
130. Black: S3a, S2f In hand: R, B, S
White: K2a, S4b, P4c, P3e, P1c
131. Black: R3d, P2b, P1d In hand: R, N, L
White: K1b, B4b, G2c, S2e, P3e
_____________________________________________________________________________
And here are the Solutions:
3 Move Problems
1. Solution:+B4c, +Rx4c,G*2b
2. Solution: R*1b, Lx1b, +B2d
3. Solution: G*1b, Gx1b, R2d+
4. Solution: +B3b, gGx3b, (Kx3b, G*2b; K1c, R1d), G*2d
5. Solution: G3d, Gx3d, (Kx3d, R2d+), R4b+
6. Solution: R5b+, Sx5b, (K3a, G*3b), G*4b
7. Solution: +R4b, +Rx4b, (X*3b, or, L3b, then, S2a+), P2c+
8. Solution: G*3d, Rx3d, B4a+
9. Solution: +R2b, Px2b, (Kx4c, +R4b), +B4b
10. Solution: G*2b, +Bx2b, (K2d, +B3d), +B3d
11. Solution: +R3c, Kx3c, +R4b
12. Solution: +B3a, Gx3a, (K1b, N1c+), N3c=
13. Solution: R3c+, Gx3c, (Kx1d, +R2d), R1b+
14. Solution: B2b+, Kx2b, (K4c, +Bx3c), S4a=
15. Solution: B3c+, Nx3c, (S2bx3c, S*2c; S4bx3c, S*4c), S*2a
16. Solution: B*1c, Gx1c, (X*2d, R1e; K5e, B5f+), B3d+
17. Solution: +R2b, Lx2b, (Bx2b, +B2c), +B1c
18. Solution: +B4c, Kx4c, (Rx4c, R*3d; Kx2d, R*2e), R*5c
19. Solution: R*4b, Kx4b, R5b+
20. Solution: R*4a, Kx4a, G*4b
21. Solution: R3b+, Sx3b, G*2b
22. Solution: +B3c, Kx3c, +R3b
24. Solution: N2b+, Kx2b, R*3b
25. Solution: +R3c, +Rx3c, +B1b
26. Solution: B2b+, Bx2b, G*4b
27. Solution: +B4c, Sx4c, L2c+
28. Solution: +R3c, Kx3c, L*3d
29. Solution: B5c+, Gx5c, G*4b
30. Solution: B*2b, Gx2b, +R4a
31. Solution: R*2c, Kx2c, G*1c
32. Solution: +B2c, Kx2c, R4c+
33. Solution: S*3d, Kx3d, B2d+
34. Solution: +B3c, Kx3c, R*4c
35. Solution: R2c+, Kx2c, B3d
5 Move Problems
36. Solution: S*2b, Rx2b, B2d+, Sx2d, S*1d
37. Solution: R*1a, Kx1a, B*3c, Sx3c, R2a+
38. Solution: R*4c, Sx4c, (X*3c, Bx3c+, Sx3c, +B2b), B3c+, Kx3c, +B2b
39. Solution: B*1b, Lx1b, (K1d, R*1e), +B2b, Kx2b, R*2a
40. Solution: B*5c, K3c, B4d+, Px4d, +R5c
41. Solution: +P5a, K3a, +R4b, Kx4b, (K2a, G*1b), G*4a
42. Solution: G*2e, K1c, (Kx2e, +R3e), G1d, +Rx1d, +R2b
43. Solution: S*1c, Kx1a, (Kx1c, +B2d), +B3c, Sx3c, N*2c
44. Solution: +B2d, Gx2d, (Kx2d, R3e+, K1d, +R2e), B1c+, Kx1c, R1b+
45. Solution: R*2f, K1d, R2d, Kx2d, (or, Rx2d), +B1e
46. Solution: S*2c, Kx2c, R2d, Kx2d, (K1b, +R4b; K3b, +R4a), +R2e
47. Solution: S*2d, K3d, (Gx2d, R3c+, X*3c, B1b+), R4c+, Gx4c, B*1b+
48. Solution: S3b=, Rx3b, (Kx1b, +Bx3d, K2b, R*1b; Lx3b, R*2b), +B3c, Kx3c,
(Rx3c, R*2b; Bx2c, R*1c), R*4c,
49. Solution: S4b=, Kx2b, (K4c, G*5c, K3d, Rx2e+; K3d, Rx2e+, K4c, G*5c),
B3b+, Kx3b, (K1a, G*2a; Kx1c, G*1d), G*3c
50. Solution: +R2c, Kx2c, (Gx2c, B4c+; Kx4d, G*5d), B1b+, Kx1b, G*1c
51. Solution: L*2e, +Rx2e, (X*2d, +R3c, K1d, +Rx2d), S*1d, Px1d, (+Rx1d,
+R3c; Kx1d, +Rx2e), +R3c
52. Solution: R4b+, Kx4b, (K2a, G*1b, +Rx1b, Bx1b+), G*5b, K3b/3c, B4c+
53. Solution: G*1b, Gx1b, R2a+, Kx2a, (K1c, +R2ax2d), R3a+
54. Solution: B1c+, Kx1c, S*2b, K1b, N2d
55. Solution: N*2d, Rx2d, B3d, Rx3d, (X*2c, +R2b; K1a, +R1c), +R2b
56. Solution: R*3d, K4b, R3a+, +Bx3a, (Kx3a, G*4a; K5b, B4a+), G*4c
57. Solution: R3c+, Gx3c, (K1b, G*1c, K2a, +Rx4a), G*1c, Kx1c, (K3b, +Rx4a),
+R1d
58. Solution: R*2a, K1b, R2c+, Gx2c, B2a+
59. Solution: B3b+, Lx3b, +B3a, Kx3a, (Kx1a, R*2a), R*2a
60. Solution: N*4e, Lx4e, (Kx2c, +Bx3b, Kx3b, G*2b), +B4c, Gx4c, (Kx2c,
+B3d), B2b+
61. Solution: S*2a, K4c, R*3c, Gx3c, +R5c
62. Solution: R*2b, Kx1d, B1c+, Kx1c, R1b+
63. Solution: G*2b, Kx2b, R2c+, Kx2c, B3b+
64. Solution: S*4c, Kx2c, S*2d, Kx2d, (K2b, Bx3c+), +R3d
65. Solution: R3b+, Sx3b, (Kx3b, B*4a, Kx4a/K3a, G*4b), B*1b, Kx1b, (Gx1b,
G*2d; K1d, G*1e), G*2b
66. Solution: B*4e, K2b, (X*3d, G*1c), +R1a, Kx1a, G*1b
67. Solution: R2b+, Kx2b, (Sx2b, G*4b), S*3c=, K1c/2c, (K3a, G*4b), G*2d
68. Solution: G*2c, Bx2c, (K1a, +R3a, X*2a, G2b), +R3a, K1b, N*2d
69. Solution: R1b+, Kx1b, (K2d, G*1e), Rx1a+, Kx1a, G*2b
70. Solution: G*1c, Gx1c, (Kx1c, Rx2b+, K1d, G*2e), R1e, B/Kx1e, +R2e
71. Solution: G*2a, K1b, +B3d, K1c, (X*2c, R*1a), R*1b
72. Solution: R*2b, Kx1c, R2d+, Kx2d, (K1b, G*2b), G*1d
73. Solution: R1b+, Bx1b, G3c, Kx3c, G*4c
74. Solution: R*1c, K2b, B*3a, Kx3a, (Gx3a, P2c+), R1a+
75. Solution: B1a+, K2c, +B1b, +Rx1b, (Kx1b, G*2b), G*2d
76. Solution: B*4b, Bx4b, (X*3c, Sx3c=, Kx2c, G*2d), S3c=, Kx3c, (Bx3c,
G*3d), G*3d
77. Solution: S3a=, Rx3a, B3b+, Kx3b/Rx3b, G*2c
78. Solution: R*2a, Kx2a, +Rx5a, Sx5a, (K3b, G*2c; X*3a, G*2b), G*2b
79. Solution: R*1d, K2b, (X*1c, +B2a), R1a+, Kx1a, +B2a
80. Solution: G*2b, Kx2b, +B3a, Kx3a, B2a+
81. Solution: R*3b, K2c, R1b+, Kx1b, (K2d, G*1e), G*1c
7 Move Problems
82. Solution: G*2b, Kx2b, L*2c, Kx2c, Rx2a+, X*2b, N*3e
83. Solution: B*2a, Kx3a, B3b+, Kx3b, Rx4a+, Kx4a, G*4b
84. Solution: +R3b, Gx3b, B3d+, K1c, P1d, Kx1d, +B2d
85. Solution: R*1b, L2b, (K3c, G*4c, K2d, R1e+; X*1b, G*4c, K3/4a, S*4b),
S*3c, Kx3c, G*4c, K2d, R1e+
86. Solution: R1b+, Px1b, +Rx3b, K1d, (Lx3b, G*2d), +R2c, Kx2c, (Kx1e,
G*2f), G*2d
87. Solution: R*3c, K1d, (Kx2d, R3d+, K2e, G*2f; K1b/K2b, G*2c, K2a, R3b+),
B1c+, Lx1c, G*2d, Kx2d, R3d+
88. Solution: G*2c, Kx2c, (Sx2c, G*2e), G*3c, K2d, (Gx3c, B2b+, K2d/K3d,
Rx3c+), B1c+, Kx1c, R2b+
89. Solution: G*2c, Kx2c, B3c+, Nx3c, R*2a, K3b, (or, K1b), R2b+
90. Solution: B*2d, Gx2d, (K1d, +Bx2c, Kx2c, Lx3c+, K1d, G*2e), P*1d,
Gx1d, +Bx1d, Kx1d, G*2d
91. Solution: S*2d, K1d, (Kx2b, Px3b+, Kx3b, G*3c, and, mate), S1e, K1c,
(Gx1e, G*2d), G*1b, Bx1b, R2d+
92. Solution: N*3c, Bx3c, (K3b, G*4b; K1a, +P1b), B1b+, K3b, +B2c, Nx2c,
G*3a
93. Solution: S*3a, K1c, (K2a, +Rx2c; K3b, B4b+, K2a, +Rx2c), N*2e, Nx2e,
S2b=, Kx2b, B3a+
94. Solution: R3a+, Kx3a, (Sx3a, N3c=, K1a, G*2a), Rx2b+, Kx2b, S*3c,
K1c, G*2d
95. Solution: B*1d, Kx1d, (Kx3c, R*2c, K4b, R2b+), R*1e, K2c, R1b+, Kx3c,
(Kx1b, B2b+), +R3b
96. Solution: P*3b, Kx3b, R4c+, Kx4c, +B2a, X*3b, +P5c/L5c+
97. Solution: N*3d, Gx3d, P*2c, Kx3a, B2a+, Kx2a, (K4b, G*4c), G*2b
98. Solution: G*1a, K2b, B*4d, +Rx4d, (K3b, +R4b; X*3c, R2a+), S*3c, Kx3c,
(+R/+Bx3c, +R2a), +R4b
99. Solution: N1c=, Lx1c, B3b+, Kx3b, (Kx1a, R*2a, K1b, R2b+), R*1b,
K3a/3c/2a/2c, R2b+
100. Solution: B*4b, K2b, (or, 3b), B3a+, K3c, (K1a/1b, +Bx2a), +B4b, K2b,
+B3b, Kx3b, R4b+
101. Solution: G*3b, K1c, S2c+, Kx2c, G3c, K1c, G2c, Kx2c, R3c+
102. Solution: B3a+, Sx3a, R*1a, Kx1a, L*1c, K2a, L1b+
103. Solution: G*1d, Kx1d, G*2d, K1e, (Gx2d, Rx2d, K1e, N*2g), R2e, Gx2e,
N*2g
104. Solution: S1b+, Kx1b, G*1a, Kx1a, +R3a, K1b, +R2a
105. Solution: G*2b, Kx2b, S3c=, K1c, L*1e, X*1d, B3a+
106. Solution: R*1a, Kx1a, (K2c, R*2b), R*1c, Nx1c, (X*1b, +P3ax2a), +P3a-2a,
K1b, +P3b-2b
107. Solution: P*1c, Nx1c, G2c, Kx2c, B3c+, K1b, (K1d, +B2d), N2d
108. Solution: +P4b, Sx4b, R5a+, Sx5a, (X*4a, +Bx4b, K2a, +Rx4a), L*3c,
K4a, L3b+
109. Solution: R*1b, Lx1b, +Rx1b, Kx1b, G*2c, K1a, L*1b
110. Solution: R*2b, K1c, R2d+, Sx2d, (Kx2d, B*3e), B*3a, K1b, B2b+
111. Solution: R3c+, K1c, +R2d, Px2d, P*1d, K2c, +B3b
112. Solution: P1c+, +Rx1c, (Kx1c, Nx1b+, Sx1b, R*2c, K1d, +B2d), S2a+,
Kx2a, +B4c, K2b, +B3b
113. Solution: G*2b, Kx2b, (Gx2b, +R5b, K3a, +R4b), +Rx2d, K3b, +R2b, Gx2b,
(Kx2b, G*2c), G*4b
114. Solution: G*2c, Kx2c, L*2d, K1b, R3b+, Px3b, B3d
115. Solution: R3a-3b+, K1c, +R2b, Gx2b, (Kx2b, B3a+), B3e+, K2c, +B2d
116. Solution: P2a+, K1b, (Kx2a, Bx3b+, K1b, +B3b-2b), B2c+, Gx2c, R1d,
Kx2a, (Gx1d, +B2b; X*1c, +B1a), R1a+
117. Solution: B1c+, K3c, (Kx1c, R*1a, X*1b/K2c, G*2d), R*3d, Kx3d, G*3e,
K3c, +B2d
118. Solution: B*4c, K3a, (Gx4c, +R2c, K3a, S*3b; Px4c, S*2b, K3b, Sx3c+,
K4a, G*4b), B2b+, Kx2b, S*3a, Kx3a, +R1a
119. Solution: B1a+, Kx1a, (K3b, S*3c, K2c, B*3b, Kx1c, +B2b;
K3a, B*2b, K4b, B3c+, K3a, B2b+), B*4d, K2a, (X*2b, S*1b),
S*2b, K3b, B3c+
9 Move Problems
120. Solution: +B2d, K1b, G*1c, Nx1c, +B3d, Bx3d, N*2d, K2c, +R3b
121. Solution: L*2e, B*2d, (N*2d, Lx2d, Kx1d, N*2f, K1c, +R1f), +Rx2d,
K3b, +R3c, Kx3c, B*5a, K3d, (K3b, B4b+), B2d+
122. Solution: B4c+, K1a, B1b+, Kx1b, +B2a, Kx2a, R2d, K3a, R2b+
123. Solution: +Bx3c, Rx3c, (Nx3c, B1b+, Lx1b, G*2c, K1a/2a, S*2b), S*3a,
Rx3a, (K1c, G*1d; Kx3a, B4a+, K2b, G*2c), B3b+, Rx3b, G*2c, K3a, N4c=
124. Solution: N*3d, K3c, (Sx3d, R5b+, Kx3a, +B5c), +P3b, Kx3b, (Sx3b,
+B4d), R3a+, Kx3a, +B5c, K3b, +B4b
125. Solution: P1b+, Kx1b, +R1d, N*1c, R*2b, K1a, +Rx1c, Bx1c, N*2c
126. Solution: S*2b, K1b, +R2c, Gx2c, S1a+, Kx1a, Nx2c=, Bx2c, G*2b
127. Solution: +P3b, K1b, (K1c, +R1e, X*1d, +B3a, K1b, +B2b), S*1c, Nx1c,
(Kx1c, +R1e, etc.), +P2b, Kx2b, +R4b, K2a, +R3b
128. Solution: L*1d, Rx1d, (Kx2a, G*3a, K2b, S*2c), S*1c, Rx1c, (Kx1c,
G*2c; Kx2a, G*3a, K1a, N2c=), N*2d, Kx2b, (Bx2d, G*2b), P3a+, K2b/K1a, G*2a
129. Solution: B*1d, Gx1d, (K3c, R*3b, Gx3b, Bx3b+; K1c, Gx2d, Kx2d, R*2e,
K3c, G*3b, Gx3b, Bx3b+), R*1c, G2bx1c, (G1dx1c, G3d), G3d, K2b, Nx1d,
Gx1d, (Kx2a, G*2b), G*1b
130. Solution: S*1b, Kx3a, (K3b, B*2c, K3c, R*3d; Kx1b, R*3b, K2c, S2b+,
K2d, B*1e, K1d, R3d+), R*2a, K3b, B*4a, K3c, R2d+, Kx2d, B2c+
131. Solution: N*2d, Gx2d, (Bx2d, R*1a, Kx1a, [Kx2b, R3d-3a+], R3a+, K1b,
+R2a; Kx2b, R3b+, K1a, N1b+), Kx2b, R1b+, Kx1b, R3b+, X*2b, L*1c